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古玩城2020精品推荐第二期:秦半两

2020-06-06 21:30:26  来源: 未知

中国是最早使用货币的国家之一,使用货币的历史可推至四五千年以前的新石器时代晚期。每一个历史发展的阶段都是我们国家成长的足迹,钱币作为一个国家不可或缺的一部分,是一个国家不同历史时期政治、经济、文化科学发展的缩影,是历史的重要见证。更是一个国家、一个王朝、一个帝王权利的象征。

China was one of the first countries to use money. The history of using money can be traced back to the late neolithic period four or five thousand years ago. Each stage of historical development is the footprint of our country's growth. As an indispensable part of a country, coin is an epitome of the political, economic, cultural and scientific development of a country in different historical periods and an important witness to history. It is a symbol of the power of a country, a dynasty and an emperor.

秦皇汉武雄才伟略、文治武功被誉为中国最伟大的帝王,其铸造的钱币也历来被世人示若珍宝,认为能辟邪驱魔,秦半两和汉五铢更是大五帝钱的组成部分,其是那个历史时期书法艺术和冶炼技术真是的写照,具有重要的史料价值和艺术价值。

Many dissenting Confucian HanWu intellectual ambition, tai temple is known as China's greatest emperors, its casting COINS if it has been shown treasures, thought to ward off bad luck exorcism, half of the qin dynasty and han of weight are especially sovereigns and part of the money, it is in that phase of history, art and calligraphy's portrayal of smelting technology, has important historical value and artistic value.

公元前221年,秦统一天下,规定以外圆内方的半两钱为全国通行的货币,这是我国最早的统一货币。改币制为二等:黄金为上币,以镒(有十六两、二十两、二十四两三说)为单位,供巨额支付,如帝王赏赐、贵族间馈赠等之用;圆形方孔的铜币为下币,承统一前秦的币制,文曰“半两”(重十二铢),供日常交易用,禁民私铸。“秦半两”的出现,标志着秦始皇在货币上的大一统,还标志着中国古代钱币的初步成熟,是中国货币发展过程中的一个里程碑。

In 221 b. c., the qin dynasty unified the whole world, and stipulated that half two pieces of money, round outside and square inside, were the national currency, which was the earliest unified currency in China. Change money system to be second class: gold is on coin, yi (have 16 two, 20 two, 24 two three say) as a unit, for huge amount of payment, such as the emperor reward, among the nobility gifts; Round square hole of the copper COINS for the next COINS, under the unification of the former qin currency system, the text said "half two" (weight of 12 baht), for daily transactions, private casting is prohibited. The appearance of "qin half-two" marked the unification of qin shihuang in currency, and the initial maturity of ancient Chinese COINS, which was a milestone in the development of Chinese currency.

 

该钱币秦半两直径为6.3毫米,为方孔圆钱,寓意“天圆地方”,材质为青铜,钱体厚重。钱币正面书“半两”二字,钱文高挺,字体狭长略呈弧形,朴拙而浑厚,豪纵而俊逸,文字大篆气息较浓。其铸体规整有加,方正圆矩,平坦地章,穿轮干干净净,观其字廓,深竣挺拔而又有度,文字笔划有所流铜粘连,略见平漫。此藏品经历了沧桑岁月留下的痕迹,依旧保存完好。正反两面锈垢沉积叠嶂,包浆凝重,老道紧实而不糟,分布亦是自然,薄锈浓浆,品相更显其美,是为佳藏之品矣。

The coin Qin Banliang is 6.3mm in diameter, square hole round money, meaning "heaven round place", made of bronze and thick. On the front of the coin is the word "half two", which is written by Qian Wen Gao Ting. The font is narrow and slightly curved, simple and honest, bold and elegant, and has a strong flavor of seal script. The cast body is regular, square, round and square, with a flat seal. The wheels are clean. The outline of the characters is deep, straight and regular. The strokes of the characters are slightly smooth and smooth. This collection has experienced the traces left by the vicissitudes of life and is still well preserved. Rust deposits on the front and back sides are piled up. The coating is dignified, sophisticated and firm, but not bad. The distribution is also natural. The thin rust and thick slurry are more beautiful in appearance and are the best preserved products.

 

秦半两的出现标志着中国古代钱币的初步成熟,是中国货币发展过程中的一个里程碑,并影响到相邻国家和地区,具有非凡的历史意义。“秦半两”奠定“圆形方孔”的古钱币造型,成为古代中国货币的基本形式,贯穿中国封建社会,沿用了两千多年,有较高的收藏价值。

The appearance of qin semi-two marks the initial maturity of ancient Chinese COINS, is a milestone in the development of Chinese currency, and affects adjacent countries and regions, has a special historical significance. "Qin half two" laid "round square hole" ancient coin shape, became the basic form of ancient Chinese currency, throughout the Chinese feudal society, used for more than two thousand years, has a high collection value.

 

 

 

 

 

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