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特别推荐第五期:中华民国二十五年壹分

2020-06-06 21:34:01  来源: 未知

铜元是我国清末民初以来所铸各种新式铜币的通称,俗称铜板,是我国近代货币体系的重要组成部分。我国铜元诞生于清朝光绪二十六年(1900年),铜元与历代的方孔铜钱不同,中间无孔,系仿照香港铜辅币铸造而成的。它的诞生,标志着我国金属货币铸造工艺从传统的手工翻砂铸造进入了先进的机器化生产的新阶段。民国中期后几年,各地军阀逐步走向衰落,国民党政府开始了统一币制控制金融的进程。这一时期国民党政府主要发行纸币,铜元辅币逐渐被镍币所代替。发行的铜元主要有党徽布图分币等。解放前夕,贵州、绥远还发行了地方铜元,但只是昙花一现。至此,铜元走完了其短暂的历程,逐渐退出流通领域。

Copper yuan is a generic term for all kinds of new copper coins cast since the late Qing dynasty and the beginning of the Republic of China, commonly known as copper plates, and is an important part of China's modern monetary system. China's copper dollar was born in the 26th year of Guangxu (1900) of the Qing Dynasty. Unlike the square-hole copper coins of past dynasties, the copper dollar has no holes in the middle and is modeled on Hong Kong's copper coins. Its birth marks that China's metal currency casting technology has entered a new stage of advanced mechanical production from the traditional manual sand casting. In the second few years of the middle period of the Republic of China, warlords in various places gradually declined, and the Kuomintang government began the process of unifying monetary system to control finance. During this period, the Kuomintang government mainly issued paper currency and copper coins were gradually replaced by nickel coins. The copper coins issued mainly include the Party emblem, the layout and the distribution of coins. On the eve of liberation, Guizhou and Suiyuan also issued local copper coins, but they were only a flash in the pan. At this point, copper yuan has gone through its short course and gradually withdrew from circulation.

 

【藏品名称】:中华民国二十五年壹分

[Name of Collection]: One point in the 25th year of the Republic of China

民国二十四年十一月实行法币政策,禁止银元和旧铜元的流通,民国二十五年(1936)一月,颁布《辅币条例》,规定辅币有镍币和铜币两种,铜币以分为单位,作为法币的辅币,结束了以制钱为单位的辅币制度,使混乱了数十年的币制逐渐趋于统一。据此民国二十五年制造了一分、半分铜辅币,正面中间为古布币图案,两侧为“壹分”或“半分”的面值;背为国民党党徽及制造年份;次年继续制一分铜元,图案未变,只改年号。另天津造币厂亦仿制过古布铜元,其中少量试制品上添制有“平”字、“京”字。

In November of the twenty-fourth year of the Republic of China, the legal currency policy was implemented and the circulation of silver and old copper was prohibited. In January of the twenty-fifth year of the Republic of China (1936), the "Regulations on Minor Currencies" was promulgated, stipulating that there are two kinds of minor coins, nickel and copper. Copper coins are divided into units as minor coins of legal currency, ending the system of minor coins based on the unit of making money and gradually unifying the monetary system that has been in chaos for decades. According to this, in the twenty-fifth year of the Republic of China, one-cent and half-cent copper coins were made, with a pattern of ancient cloth coins in the middle of the front and face values of "one-cent" or "half-cent" on both sides. It bears the Kuomintang party emblem and the year of manufacture. The following year, the company continued to make one cent of copper coins. The pattern remained unchanged, but only the year number was changed. In addition, Tianjin Mint has also copied ancient cloth copper coins, and a small number of test products have been added with the characters "ping" and "Jing".

此枚钱币正面为一布币加壹分字样,边上有像长城一样的纹,后头为中华民国二十五年字样,中心是白日十二角徽(当时民国国徽)"。

This coin has a cloth coin plus one cent on the front, a line like the Great Wall on the side, and the words "25 Years of the Republic of China" on the back. The center is the 12-corner emblem of the day (then the national emblem of the Republic of China) ".


 

民国二十五年由上海中央造币厂制造。该币铸造时间达四年之久,即民国二十五至二十八年。其中民国二十七年铸数较少,二十八年最少。此外,天津造币厂和广西造币厂有少量制造,币上分别加字津、桂,属珍稀品。

Made by Shanghai Central Mint in the 25th year of the Republic of China. The coin was cast for four years, that is, 25 to 28 years of the Republic of China. Among them, the number of castings in the twenty-seventh year of the Republic of China was less than that in the twenty-eighth year. In addition, Tianjin Mint and Guangxi Mint have a small number of coins, with the characters Tianjin and Guangxi added to the coins respectively, which are rare products.


 

虽然此款钱币并不是当时在市面上主流的货币,而是作为一枚辅币进行发行的。但是他的存世量亦是不多见的,且此枚钱币品相完好,包浆自然,是非常难得。

Although this coin was not the mainstream currency in the market at that time, it was issued as a minor coin. However, the amount of money he kept in the world is also rare, and this coin is in good condition and naturally covered with paste, which is very rare.

 

此枚机制币,同时也代表了中国近代的货币文化,反映了我国近代历史、经济、金融的兴衰和沧桑,具有很高的艺术观赏价值和文物价值,也具有一定的保值和升值功能。近年来珍稀钱币持续走俏各地拍卖场外,在互联网上珍稀银币钱币的成交业绩也可圈可点。

This machine-made currency also represents China's modern monetary culture, reflecting the rise and fall of China's modern history, economy and finance. It has high artistic and cultural value, and also has a certain function of preserving and appreciating value. In recent years, rare coins have continued to be popular outside auctions in various parts of the world, and the transaction results of rare silver coins on the Internet are also remarkable.

 

品相好的钱币一直是千金难求。且此枚地域性政权发行货币的时间也相当短,加上流通地域狭小,所铸货币价值不菲。另外,抗战期间,由于改行纸钞,机制币发行量较少,辅币存世量极为稀少,真品踪迹难寻,此币值得藏家收藏 。

Coins of good quality have always been hard to find. Moreover, the time for this regional regime to issue currency is also quite short, and the circulation area is narrow, so the coinage is valuable. In addition, during the Anti-Japanese War, due to switching to paper money, the circulation of machine-made coins was relatively small, the amount of coins kept in the world was extremely rare, and traces of genuine coins were difficult to find. This coin is worth collecting by collectors.

 

 

 

 

 

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